Rome is, in itself, an open-air museum. Everywhere one looks, one sees relics of ancient splendor. The Colosseum is the largest and most famous amphitheater in the world. A short walk from the Colosseum is the Palatine Hill, where the history of the city began. Here you will find the Roman Forum and the Imperial Forum, once the epicenter of the Roman Empire.
The sights are indeed endless in Rome. The magnificent Pantheon literally catapults one into another dimension. Romantic and Majestic, the Sant’Angelo Bridge has one of the most breathtaking views of the city. The Circus Maximus, The Baths of Caracalla, Castel Sant’Angelo, the Mausoleum of Augustus, the Ara Pacis, the Arch of Constantine, the Pyramid, the Roman Hippodrome, and the Mouth of Truth are just some of the long list of treasures to be found in the city. For those eager to discover the mysterious side of Ancient Rome, we suggest delving into the fascinating Catacombs.
The magnificent facade of the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore gives one a glimpse of what Rome looked like in the Middle Ages. Another example is St. Paul, outside the ancient walls, which is one of the four papal basilicas. Others not to be missed include the frescoes inside Santa Maria in Trastevere, the Four Crowned Saints, and the massive staircase leading to the basilica of Santa Maria in Ara Coeli.
The Roman Renaissance is due in part to the desire of the Popes to make Rome the most important Renaissance city in the world. The results of this flourishing and profound period will leave you speechless. Various churches, bridges, squares, and public spaces fascinate tourists from all corners of the globe. Piazza del Campidoglio, Michelangelo’s masterpiece, is an open-air work of art. The Quirinale Palace, Palazzo Venezia, Palazzo Farnese, Palazzo Barberini, and the Villa Farnesina are not to be missed. Indeed the list goes on: Piazza Navona, the Spanish Steps, Campo de’ Fiori, and Piazza della Minerva all date back to the Renaissance. The Vatican itself is home to magnificent relics of this awe-inspiring historical period, from the Sistine Chapel to the imposing St. Peter’s Basilica.
Today, Italian politics and important political decisions are made within the buildings dating back to the fascinating Baroque period. Palazzo Madama houses the Italian Senate, while the elegant Palazzo Montecitorio is home to the Chamber of Deputies. Among the contributors of the Baroque era who walked the streets of Rome leaving traces throughout the city is Bernini, Caravaggio, Carraci, Cortona, and Borromini. Popes during this also had a hand in its masterpieces by reconstructing the Ancient Roman aqueducts and commissioning impressive fountains, such as the magnificent Trevi Fountain by Nivola Salvi. The National Gallery of Ancient Art invites visitors to see works by artists ranging from Bassano, Perugino, Filippo, Lippi, Titian, El Greek, Caravaggio, and Tintoretto.
At the time of the formation of the Kingdom of Italy, neoclassicism spread through the streets of Rome. The influence of the aesthetic of this area can be found in the imposing monument to Vittorio Emanuele II with its magnificent statues.
Fascist architecture is easily visible in the EUR district as well as the Farnesina Palace, which incorporates stereotypes of this controversial period in world history.
There is an artistic vein that runs through the streets of modern Rome reminiscent of the old passion of the Popes to create a city that had no equal in the world. In the past few years, there have been several ongoing projects intended to revive the decaying neighborhoods of the city, as the proud Romans are constantly maintaining and beautifying their eternal city. A capital of fashion as well as Italian cinema, Rome melts old and young hearts alike with modern expressions of art, thus giving visitors an incredible setting where past, present, and future coexist seamlessly. An example of modern art in Roma today is the new Auditorium Parco della Musica, designed by Renzo Piano, and the MAXXI National Museum of the Arts.
A chest of priceless treasures is one way to describe Ville Borghese. Nestled into Italian and English-style gardens, the park boasts countless attractions. On your idyllic walk through this fairytale land, do not miss Casino Graziano and the House of the Rose, as well as the Secret Gardens and Deer Park, all of which are enchanting areas adorned with magnificent statues and monuments. In addition to blissful nature and architectural elegance, there is also sublime culture to be found and appreciated. Step inside the gallery of Villa Borghese, the National Etruscan Museum, and the National Gallery of Modern Art for even more discoveries.
The infamous culture phenomenon, the Dolce Vita of the 1960s, is etched in minds around the world, and you can still catch remnants of this bygone era along the elegant Via Veneto. Whether you are searching for exclusive Italian tailoring, a perfectly situated outdoor cafe where you can enjoy an espresso or extravagant cocktail, or you are simply keen to admire aristocratic mansions that line the neighborhood, it is in this area that you will catch a glimpse of Fellini’s Rome.
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